ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

Economic Development 

1. Crops production

The Crop Intensification in Western Province focused on land consolidation for selected priority food crops, intensification cash crops, increasing the use of fertilizers and quality seeds.

a)      Land consolidation for food crops

Like other provinces, in the Western Province, the land ownership is split into small plots which may challenge the agriculture and the land consolidation was a rational mechanism of optimal utilization of lands.  Selected food security crops in the Western Province include , maize, beans, Irish potatoes, cassava, wheat, soya beans and rice. 

The food security crops identified as priorities in the Western Province; Districts are currently cultivated on the total land consolidated on 324,842 hectares.  As it can see in the table, maize and beans are priorities for all WP districts, while Irish potatoes are for 5 districts, cassava, wheat and  soya beans   for 3 districts  and Rice for only 2 districts.

 Summary of the land consolidated per food crops

No

Food crops

N of district

Previous  status

Achievement 2016-2017 (ha)

Current status

Targets

Achievement

%

1

Maize

7/7

83,174

85,894

84,020

97

84,020

2

Beans

7/7

128,298

138,805

   145,622

89

   145,622

3

Irish potatoes

7/7

61,237

65,736

63,800

97

63,800

4

Cassava

5/7

32,873

39,089

29,803

76

29,803

5

Wheat

3/7

15,638

18,213

17,220

95

17,220

6

soya beans

3/7

4,921

840

5,432

646

5,432

7

Rice

2/7

      3,720

            3,748

             3,764

 

     3,764

Total Western Province

 

329,861

   352,325

        349,662

 95.07

   349,662

The table above indicates that beans are the most crops cultivated in the Western Province. It is cultivated 145,622 ha and in all Districts within the Western Province. They are followed by maize 84,020 ha in all districts, irish potatoes on  63,800 ha in all districts, cassava on 29,803 in 5 districts, wheat on 17,220 ha in 3 districts,  soya beans on 5,432 in 3 districts and rice on 3,764 in only 2 districts of Nyamasheke and Rusizi.

In order to increase the productivity in consolidated land for priority crops, farmers are encouraged to use appropriate inputs in consolidated sites and improved seeds accessed by farmers through an established network of agro-dealership.

Table 8: Summary of land consolidation per district

No

District

Previous

Achievement 2017/2018

Current status

Target

Achievement

 

1

Karomgi

           50,258

42,322

41,945

99

                  41,945

2

Ngororero

       59,500

86,995

81,375

94

                  81,375

3

Nyabihu

       51,618

52,154

49,982

96

                  49,982

4

Nyamasheke

       48,530

46,676

51,849

111

                  51,849

5

Rubavu

       47,517

47,080

46,903

100

                  46,903

6

Rusizi

       50,419

40,398

40,559

100

                  40,559

7

Rutsiro

       38,896

36,700

37,050

101

                  37,050

 

Total

         346,737

352,325

349,662

99

               349,662

Cash crops development

The Economy of Western Province depends mostly on    subsistence agriculture of both food security crops and cash crops. The Western province holds 50% of Rwanda’s agricultural exports including tea, coffee, pyrethrum, vegetables, fruits and flowers among others.

Basing on this situation, the Western Province in collaboration with the National Agricultural Exportation Board (NAEB) does their best to encourage farmers to increase the quality and quantity of cash crops for domestic consumption and exports.

a.      Coffee production

Interventions in the coffee value chain in the Western Province concentrated on increasing coffee area in terms of number of trees planted and productivity improvement through application of fertilizers, control of pests and diseases and supporting coffee cooperatives, especially in capacity building. 

Table 10: Quantity of coffee planted per district and CWS available

No

District

Coffee trees

Ha

N. of station

1

Karongi

3,166,556

         1,267

12

2

Ngororero

998,677

            399

5

3

Nyabihu

108,985

               44

2

4

Nyamasheke

13,032,731

         5,213

59

5

Rubavu

1,023,742

            409

3

6

Rusizi

5,544,315

         2,218

27

7

Rutsiro

5,558,759

         2,224

19

Western Province

29,433,765

11,774

     127

The coffee is grown on 11,774 ha in all Western Province Districts but around 50% are grown in the Nyamasheke district where 5,213 ha are dedicated to the coffee agriculture. To improve the quality of coffee produced Coffee Washing Stations were established in all WP district and their number should be aligned to the quantity of coffee expected to be produced in each district.

Table11: Coffee production per districts (Tones of washed coffee) 

No

District

Production Previous status

Achievement 2016-2017

Current status (T)

Target

Achievement

%

1

Karongi

293

450

716

159

716

2

Ngororero

270

300

296

99

296

3

Nyabihu

28

30

34

113

34

4

Nyamasheke

2,258

3,250

3,959

122

3,959

5

Rubavu

643

1,200

1,271

106

1,271

6

Rusizi

1,309

1,300

1,569

121

1,569

7

Rutsiro

3,124

2,400

2,343

98

2,343

Western Province

7631.74

7,925

8,930

113

10,188

Nyamasheke, Rutsiro, Rusizi and Rubavu came first in the production of coffee with more than 1,000 Tones and Nyabihu the last  with only 34 tones.  The improvement of the quality and quantity of coffee in the Western Province  has been through sensitization for multiplication of coffee trees as well as constant mobilization of farmers to supply coffee cherries to the coffee washing stations.

b.      Tea  production

The teaisgrown on hill side at high altitude between 1900-2200m and on
well drained marshes at an altitude 1550-1800m mostly in lands of Karongi,
Rutsiro, Rubavu ,Nyabihu, Ngororero Nyamasheke and Rusizi

Table 12: Quantity of Tea produced per district (Tones of dry tea)

 

No

District

Previous  status

Achievement 2016-2017

Current status

Target

Achievement

%

1

Karongi

2,242

2,300

2,639

115

2,639

2

Ngororero

2,392.9

2,731

2,227

81

2,227

3

Nyabihu

1,160.5

1,300

1,227

94

1,227

4

Nyamasheke

2,905

2,747

2,919

106

2,919

5

Rubavu

1,226

2,550

2,490

98

2,490

6

Rusizi

0

0

2,103

100

2,103

7

Rutsiro

272

272

323

119

323

Western Province

10,198

11,900

13,928

-

13,928

 Among the key achievement of the 2016/17 fiscal year is the increased area under tea production.  In total 434 ha of tea were planted in three districts of Ngororero (24 ha, Nyabihu (107 ha) and Nyamasheke (302 ha). This extension of tea plantation is planned to be accompanied with the multiplication of  tea manufactories including the construction of  a new tea factory in Rugabano Sector Karongi district, where households were resettled  to increase the area of tea plantation  on 500 ha. 

c.       Pyrethrum production

The Pyrethrum is another cash crop developed in the Western Province. It is grown on small house hold parcels of land in the foot hills of volcanic ranges in Rubavu and Nyabihu Districts.

Table13: Production of Pyrethrum per district (dry pyrethrum)

No

District

Previous  status (Tones)

Achievement 2016-2017

Current status

Target

Achievement

%

1

Rubavu

118

130

187

144

187

2

Nyabihu

275

290

438

151

438

Western Province

393

420

625

149

625

 

In the western province, during the fiscal year 2015-2016 pyrethrum growers were mobilized to the use of improved and highly productive planting materials, such as using seeds instead of splits. The rotation of pyrethrum with other crops was also a major focus to increase productivity.

b)      Horticulture

The horticulture sector has been a driving force in stimulating a healthy growth trend in Rwandan agriculture. Horticulture refers to the production of fruits, vegetables and flowers.  In the Western Province, fruits growing is favored by conditions available in the some districts. They are Pineapples and passion fruits mostly grown in Nyamasheke, Rutsiro and Karongi. Horticulture is considered to be an important diversification strategy that can improve nutrition and increase farmer incomes.

c)      Agro processing industries

According to the Ministry of Agriculture, transforming the sector towards commercial farming, including agro processing, import substitution, and export is an efficient use of Rwanda’s scale land and is also a means to achieve the country’s vision  2020. 

Rwanda has very few agro processing industries (agro processing in Rwanda in general and in the Western Province in particular remains weak. It focuses mainly to the tea and coffee for cash crops. For food crops, the focus is maize and rice to which can be added milk collections and processing. 

Table 15: List of agro processing industries in the Western Province

 

No

Types of agro processing

District

Number

Status/capacity

1

 

Maize processing

Karongi

15

Operational

Ngororero

1

 

Nyamasheke

1

 

S/T

17

 

2

Selculture

Karongi

1

Operational

S/T

1

 

3

Milk collection

Karongi

1

2000 L/Day

Ngororero

3

10,500 L/Day

Nyabihu

5

25,000 L/Day

Nyamasheke

1

500 L/Day

Rubavu

7

27,500 L/Day

Rusizi

2

1,200 L/Day

Rutsiro

3

7,500 L/Day

S/T

22

74,200 L/Day

4

Milk Processing (Dairy)

Ngororero

1

Operational

5

Honey Processing Center

Rutsiro

1

under testing

6

Skin processing

Ngororero

1

Operational

7

Tea Factory

Karongi

2

Operational

Ngororero

1

Operational

Nyabihu

1

Operational

Nyamasheke

2

Operational

Rubavu

1

Operational

Rusizi

1

 

Rutsiro

S/T

1

9

Operational

7

Juice and wine Production (pineapple and  Banana wine

Ngororero

2

Operational

Nyamasheke

2

Operational

S/T

4

 

8

Irish potatoes processing factory

Ngororero

1

Operational

9

Rice processing

Rusizi

5

Operational

 

TOTAL

 

60

 

As presented in the table above, the Western Province totalize 60 agro processing industries distributed in all districts. They include for cash crops: 7 tea factories to which are added 127 Coffee Washing Station, maize processing, 4 units of wine and juice production, 5 rice processing units, one Irish potatoes processing factory; and animal production units processing including: 22 milk collection, one dairy, one for honey and one for skin (See annex 1 their list). 

3.2.1.2. Animal production development

Livestock production improvement in the Western Province districts is performed through  both support and mobilization of farmers to earn improved genetic animal and keep them. It is an integrated process that include also the add value to the primary product and prepare it for the market demands.

In the western province , the animal production and the integration of livestock into smallholder  in the FY  2016/17 focused on disease control, artificial insemination, Girinka program and small stocks promotion. 

Hotels and Tourism

The western province is the tourism hub due to its geographical vs the Congo Nile Trail. The most distinctive tourist attractions within the Lake Kivu Destination Marketing Areas (DMAs) are the Lake, Volcanoes National Park, Nyungwe National Park and Gishwati & Mukuru new National Park . Notwithstanding, there are numerous spots along the Belt that include natural, historical, traditional and cultural attractions.

Lake Kivu is an extraordinary beautiful in land lake connecting 3 towns of Kamembe, Kibuye and Gisenyi, a part from fishing activities, it offers water transport to tourists in  a brand new luxury boat boarded in  Gisenyi town to guide tourism along Kivu shores.

Nyungwe National Park: presents a unique phenomenon in primate tourism due to its huge concentrations of habituated primates whose troops can include 400 to 500 individuals. There are other interesting feature in Nyungwe like birds viewing, canopy walk and waterfalls.

Nyungwe national park

Table 20: Number of Hotels and/MOTEL in the WP

District

N. of Hotels, Motel And loges

Number of room

1

Karongi

18

372

2

Ngororero

8

311

3

Nyabihu

4

78

4

Nyamasheke

22

251

5

Rubavu

69

2,518

6

Rusizi[1]

22

339

7

Rutsiro

10

130

Western Province

153

3,999

 3.2.3. Infrastructure development

3.2.3.1. Energy

The Western Province register 35  power generating stations distributed in its all district as following Karongi (2),  Ngororero (16) , Nyabihu (1),  Nyamasheke  2, Rubavu (4),  Rusizi (3), Rutsiro (4). They include power generating stations, solar generating stations,  methan Gas and peats plants.

In general sources of energy in Rwanda in general and  in the Western Province in particular are categorized into “On grid” and “Of grid”, and they were all used allow households in different districts to be connected to the electricity as indicated in the table below.

Methane gas Plant

Table  21:   Households connected to electricity  (both on off and  grid)

 

No

District

Previous

Previous status

Achievement 2016-2017

Current status

Target 2016/2017

Achievement 2016-2017

%

1

Karongi

On grid

12,789

1,400

1,388

99

14,177

Off grid

198

0

1,210

 

1,408

2

Ngororero

On grid

11,026

1,500

1,611

107

12,637

Off grid

2,476

0

651

 

3,127

3

Nyabihu

On grid

12,230

958

1,226

128

13,456

Off grid

891

0

 

 

891

4

Nyamasheke

On grid

24,157

872

1,520

171

25,677

Off grid

625

0

 

 

625

5

Rubavu

On grid

31,744

3,750

4,090

109

35,834

Off grid

 

0

 

 

0

6

Rusizi

On grid

26,310

3,500

3,426

98

29,736

Off Grid

3,816

0

 

 

3,816

7

Rutsiro

On grid

12,352

4090

4090

100

16,442

Off grid

1,008

0

 

 

1,008

Western Province

On grid

117,819

0

17,351

 

135,170

Of grid

9,244

16,070

1,861

 

11,105

Total

 

127,063

16,070

19,212

 

146,275

Water and Sanitation

The Water and Sanitation services were extended to rural and urban areas of the Western Province’s districts  with additional 20,710 households accessing clean water,  translating to 440,497 households covered province  wide.  This was achieved through the construction of new water supply systems, rehabilitation and extension of existing network.

Table 22: Number of HHs with access to clean water HHs

No

District

Number of HHs

Previous  status

2016-2017 achievement

Current status

%

Target

Achievement

%

1

Karongi

75,239

55,453

8,500

8,500

100

63,953 

83

2

Ngororero

78,986

54,406

0

0

0

54,406

64

3

Nyabihu

65,855

55,352

1,698

1,613

95

56,965

86

4

Nyamasheke

86,744

66,461

3291

4,930

150

71,391

82

5

Rubavu

75,277

64,738

0

0

0

64,738 

86

6

Rusizi

85,163

61,014

3,000

4,775

159

65,789

72

7

Rutsiro

75,790

62,363

892

892

100

63,255

83.5

Western Province

543,054

419,787

17,381

20,710

119

440,497

79.5

3.2.3.3. Urbanization and Rural Settlement

Under the urbanization and Rural settlement sector, a number of achievements were registered in Western Province’s districts. They are especially towards relocation of households from scattered settlements and high risk zones into planned and economically viable settlements (IDP Models), development of secondary cities of Rusizi and Rubavu.  These achievements highly contributed to the improvement of province population wellbeing. 



[1] In Rusizi District, Motels and lodges are not recorded