1.      Overview of Western Province status

 This part focuses on the Western Province geographical situation, Administrative and demographic situation, population, relief and climatic situation.

Table1: Western Province Districts Coordinates

 District

 

Geographical coordinates

Latitude

 Longitude

Karongi

2.179

29.3715

Nyabihu

1.65275

29.50684

Rubavu

1.6986

 

29.3715

Rusizi

2.53027

 

29.185579

Ngororero

1.8319

29.5572

Nyamasheke

2.3215

29.1856

Rutsiro

1.962426

29.387457

Habitation status

The majority of the population in Rwanda lives in rural areas. But according to EICV4, the Western Province is second to the City of Kigali ( 74.8 % and ( 13%) of population living in urban areas while the proportions of people living in urban areas for the remaining provinces were between  8% and 9%.)

Table 2:  Distribution of the Population by residence.

 

Total Population of the W P

Urban

Rural

Both sexes

Male

Female

Both sexes

Male

Female

Both sexes

Male

Female

2,471,239

1,168,445

1,302,794

301,312

149,586

151,726

2,169,927

1,018,859

1,151,068

 

Source: Fourth Rwanda Population and Housing Census 2012

 

Table 3: The District surface area (km2), number of Sector, Cells and Villages

 Names of the district

 

Surface km2

Number of sectors

Number of cells

Number of Villages

Karongi

993

13

88

538

 

Nyabihu

531.5

12

73

473

 

Rubavu

388.3

12

80

525

 

Rusizi

959

18

94

596

 

Ngororero

679

13

73

419

 

Nyamasheke

1,174

15

68

588

 

Rutsiro

1.157,3

13

62

485

 

Total

4724.8

96

538

3624

 

Demography  

According to the 4th Rwanda Population and Housing Census, the Western Province has 2,471,239 inhabitants and is the 3rd populated after the Eastern Province with 2,595,703 inhabitants and the Southern Province with 2,589,975 inhabitants.  The number of women is more than the number of men in all provinces except City of Kigali.

Table 4: Distribution of the resident Population per District in the Western province.

 

District

Both sexes

Sex

Density

/Km

Physiological density[1]

Male

Female

Karongi

331,808

156,073

175,735

334

420

Rutsiro

324,654

154,044

170,610

281

490

Rubavu

403,662

194,989

208,673

1,039

1,194

Nyabihu

294,740

137,799

156,941

555

546

Ngororero

333,713

154,591

179,122

491

492

Rusizi

400,858

192,528

208,330

418

436

Nyamasheke

381,804

178,421

203,383

325

402

Total

2,471,239

1,168,445

1,302,794

420

568

 

The country has experienced rapid demographic and social changes in the last two decades following the 1994 genocide. Considering the projection of the population as determined by the Rwanda 4th Population and Housing Census, 2012 (NISR), the current population of the Western Province is estimated to the 2,783,993.

While the population density of Rwanda in 2012 was 415 inhabitants per square kilometer (the highest in EA) the population density of the Western Province is 420 inhabitants per square kilometer and some of its districts are among recorded districts which have the highest densities of population (Rubavu District is the fourth densely populated, after districts of City of Kigali and it has 1,039 inhabitants/km2).

 

 

 


[1]Considering the area not habituated as covered by water